via PC World “I think there is a world market for maybe five computers. Thomas Watson, CEO IBM (1943) [Time]
“The transistor was probably the most important invention of the 20th Century, and the story behind the invention is one of clashing egos and top secret research….” via PBS.org [Shockley’s] device, the junction (sandwich) transistor, was developed in a burst of creativity and anger, mostly in a hotel room in Chicago.
From computing pioneer Brad Meyers: A motivation for this article is to overcome the mistaken impression that much of the important work in Human-Computer Interaction occurred in industry, and if university research in Human-Computer Interaction is not supported, then industry will just carry on anyway. This is simply not true.
According to the 1960s timeline from the Smithsonian: “In 1964, the number of computers in the United States has grown to seventeen thousand (up from fifteen in 1954).”
The Computer History Museum’s online exhibition “Memory & Storage” does a terrific job. But if you prefer to just watch, the two videos below are pretty awesome, too. AT&T Archives (1962)